Monday, February 5, 2018

The Life Of Slaves And Slavery Biography

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By Sandra Ward

Anyone whom has ever studied history most likely knows about the early days of America and the American Slave trade. There were only a few slaves whom left behind documentation related to the life and times during that era. While this is the case, there were others, including one publicist and writer, whom also provided a great deal of information in a slavery biography.

Well known, high profile slaves such as Harriet Tubman and Charles Thompson left behind letters and notes related to the experiences of that time. Whereas, there were others at the time working to free these individuals and others whom also left a number of letters. As such, whether reading the personal stories of slaves, or articles, books and other publications provided by those whom were trying to free them, it can often be a difficult process.

One of the most well known individuals to work for the freedom of slaves is that of William Lloyd Garrison. According to author Jim Powell, Garrison was one of the greatest publicists and writers during that time. For, while others had attempted to work towards an end to the atrocities taking place, there was no actual Abolitionist movement until after Mr. Garrison was born.

Something which has often been overlooked in articles, books, films and stories, is that in the late 18th century, it almost seem if slavery was coming to an end. In fact, in 1777, a number of Northern states abolished the taking and holding of slaves. After which, the demand for cheap cotton became a catalyst for the growing slave trade in the South.

Unfortunately, during that same time, there began a demand for cotton which could be produced and delivered in different areas of the south. As such, the first cotton gin is often considered the catalyst which resulted in slavery continuing into the 1800s. For, in 1803, the Louisiana Purchase gave way to fertile ground on which cotton could be grown. As a result, this new and fertile land needed workers and created a rise in the population of southern slaves.

During the time Garrison created the abolitionist movement, there were two dominant views if slaves were to be freed, these included returning freed slaves to Africa, or freeing the slaves without pay. In either case, there were to be no monies paid to those whom had often been abused, beaten, used and had worked long hours on a daily basis. In most cases, these individuals lived in run down shacks at the back of plantation homes, often without air, heat or running water.

While Garrison most likely contributed to the freedom of slaves, few people realize the young publicist was also responsible for determining how to do so. While it was Mr. Garrison whom started the Abolitionist movement, it is often President Abraham Lincoln and the First Congress of 1875 which gets the most credit. For, it was during that year when the president provided the Emancipation Proclamation freeing all American slaves.

While this is the case, there is no doubt that the articles written and published by Mr. Garrison along with others in the only Abolitionist newspaper, "The Liberator, " of the time had some impact on the event. For, even the well known author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin, " has praised the publication for the frank, open, honest, truthful and independent nature of the publication.

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